PHIL 201 QUIZ 4
NOTE: PAST ANSWERS ADDED AS A BONUS
1. Which of the following represents the key difference in thought from Descartes to Bacon?
the inductive method
experience of the physical world
particular ideas in the mind
critique of Aristotle
1. Descartes believed that all men were born a tabula rasa.
1. For Locke, which of the ideas below would be a complex idea:
1. Plato’s forms exist apart from the physical objects that they represent in the world experienced by our senses.
1. Which of the following can be classified as a priori knowledge?
1. By “noumena” Kant is referring to
the raw sense data before it enters our mind
the organization of the raw data by our mind
what we can know
the foundational beliefs that form the basis for our knowledge
1. According to the pointecast presentation on truth theories, Coherence is a sufficient condition for truth, but it is not a necessary condition for truth.
1. Scientific anti-realism is the view that science does not claim objects like electrons actually exist. They are just a fictional construct to explain how things work. This view fits best with which truth theory:
1. An argument used by Descartes to prove Gods existence:
1. Plato develops the traditional view of knowledge in one particular book of his. What is the title of that specific book by Plato? (Note: “Complete Works” is not the answer.)
1. Even after the Gettier problem, Dew and Foreman think that JTB is still at least a necessary condition for knowledge.
1. The study of epistemology has had positive impact of which of the following?
1. As long as justification is present, one can be assured that he/she has real knowledge.
1. Knowledge has traditionally been defined as Justified, true, opinion.
1. Gettier Problems show that:
JTB fails to properly account for a kind of belief.
JTB fails to demonstrate the truth of a claim.
JTB does not require biblical support for truth claims.
JTB may be based on weak justification or invalid inferences.
1. Pragmatist theories of truth focus mostly how well a set of belief “work” for a particular person.
1. The correspondence theory of truth is thought by some philosophers to be a pre-theoretic intuition that we philosophize with, not to.
1. According to Dew and Foreman, if something exists, then something must be true of about the things that exists.
1. Which of the following is not one of the reasons Dew and Foreman give to show that truth really does exist.
The denial of truth is self-contradictory.
The denial of truth is challenged by the nature of reality itself.
We have strong intuitions about truth.
The modern advancements in political thought.
1. The correspondence theory of truth holds that statements are true when they correspond to the real state of affairs in the world.